Today's household worker plays a big role in supporting families and the U.S. economy, yet many domestic workers still face increasingly difficult circumstances while working for some household employers. Not only do domestic workers -- including nannies, housecleaners, and elderly caretakers -- work in closed family quarters that make them susceptible to unreported cases of abuse and exploitation, they are often left without proper legal protection in the event of job loss, workplace injuries, or mistreatment.
For New York domestic workers, however, the laws are changing in their favor. In the fall of 2010, New York's Governor passed the Domestic Workers Bill of Rights as a measure to help remedy employment violations upon domestic workers. The new law provides comprehensive employment benefits to domestic workers, including overtime pay, paid vacation, sick time, and health insurance coverage whereas, historically, domestic workers only had limited employment rights.(Read a discussion of the federal wage laws concerning domestic worker's exception from overtime.)
What is a 'Domestic Worker'?
A domestic worker is someone who is employed in the domestic services field, typically a member of a household's paid staff, including nannies, housekeepers, babysitters, and elderly caretakers. Domestic workers do not typically include one-time or monthly service people (like roofing technicians or painters), but may include such regular staff as gardeners and maintenance workers in some cases.
Because domestic workers are typically members of a vulnerable class of people - often uneducated undocumented, and female - they are sometimes the subject of abuse, mistreatment, and harassment.
Many cases of abuse among domestic workers often go unreported, largely due to fear of losing their jobs or not knowing who to turn to (as well as the general feeling and knowledge that they have no true employment rights.)
New York's Domestic Workers Bill of Rights
Under New York's Domestic Workers Bill of Rights, domestic workers are entitled to the following main provisions:
Day of Rest
Paid Days Off
Not everyone was enthusiastic to New York's new Domestic Workers law. On a particular Facebook page, a parent asked "What about a mandatory breaks for moms? Or, do you only get a break if you're PAID to do it?" In addition, some believe they will now be forced to hire people with less experience, and that cost and safety may be an issue.
Tips for NY Household Employers
NY employers of domestic workers should take the following steps to ensure they are compliant with the new Domestic Workers Bill of Rights law:
Filing a Claim as a Domestic Worker? Learn More From a Local Attorney
If you or someone you love needs help understanding your domestic worker rights, you should speak with an employment lawyer in your area who handles issues affecting employees. You may be entitled to certain benerfits and protections. Find a local employment law attorney today.